Finally!! I get to say welcome to SPRING! Since we last met here amount a month ago, I’ve had a lot to write about
in the Weather Department….and some pictures to share too.
February 2019 has gone in the record books as one of the coldest
this area has seen in the last 30 years.Seattle just had its coldest February in 30 years.
average temperature at Sea-Tac Airport in February was 36.6 degrees, making it Sea-Tac’s third
coldest February on record. It came within 0.3 degrees of the second coldest
February on record, which was back in 1989. The coldest February was in 1956 when average temperatures at Sea-Tac
hit 35.6 degrees.
It was not just colder than normal in the
Seattle area, but all over the Northwest, as the following map makes clear. As you can see, Seattle was 6.8 degrees below
normal. But look at Great Falls. They were almost 28 degrees below
normal. I have a friend that’s lived in
Anaconda for many years.He said he’s
never seen it like this.
What made this so unusual was the fact
that we had some snow….and then some more snow on top of that. This is very unusual for normally mild
having to shovel their driveway. Perhaps not to the extent that Dwight Small, K7KG, had to deal
with. He assures us that he did this
by hand. Yes, that’s the same Toyota
4x4 that I used to drive.
During weather like this, we expect that
travel to the broadcast facilities at West Tiger to be difficult…and they
were. Travel was restricted to ‘over
the snow’ machines. Cougar Mt., about
half as high as West Tiger, got at least a foot of the white-stuff, limiting
access significantly. Tim Moore,
transmitter Poohbah for Sinclair, discovered just how icy it was trying to
reach the gate access code box on Cougar…the hard way. He’s OK.
The bad weather, snow and ice, caught up
with me as I was just leaving a restaurant in Auburn on Feb. 6th with
Mike Gilbert and Ben Dawson. My feet
went up, and I went down (hard), landing on my back and head. The result was 13 stitches, a very bad
concussion and nearly two months of dealing with vertigo.
Here are a couple of winter pictures. First, the Accelnet Tower
Cam on March 10th on West Tiger at sunrise. The tracks are from snow
And this one, from my camera, taken of a
sunset from Cougar Mt.If you look
between the trees on the left you can see the buildings of downtown Seattle.
On March 6th, someone plowed part of the road up West Tiger. Terry and Caleb checked it
out. Unfortunately they had to walk the rest of the way, about 2.5 miles. Terry said it had been a month since he was
able to reach his transmitter at West Tiger-2. Unfortunately, no one plows the road to the top of the mountain for us.
We are not the
only place in the country where winter weather demonstrated who’s boss. In
this case, wind had its way with a tower on Sugarloaf Mountain in Maine.
To give some
perspective, here is what it looked like before:
Sugarloaf Mountain's elevation is 4,259. That’s 1300 feet higher than West Tiger. Can you imagine if this happened to one of
those big towers that adorn the hills of Seattle? Not likely, as at that elevation the tower had
collected a large load of Rime Ice and then was hit with winds of over 100
failure, Wayne Davidson posted some interesting comments. So who is he? Wayne did a lot of design
work for Magnum Tower Company. It was through them that I worked with him back
in the late 1980’s, on the first broadcast tower on West Tiger. Thankfully it
is still standing! After reading his
comments, I reached out to him and asked permission to re-print what he
posted. This provides a very
interesting perspective to these towers that are vital to the role of
For those who think towers
Just want to add my two
cents worth regarding tower longevity.
Nothing that man designs or
builds lasts forever - not even the Egyptian Pyramids. Having said that, man has managed to build
some structures (towers) that will last a very, very long time.
All towers are not created
equal.I have designed somewhere on the
order of 3500 towers and poles during
my career. Many towers were designed to withstand environmental
conditions (wind and ice combinations) which are never expected to occur - not ever. I have designed numerous towers of that type
- mostly for state agencies, local
municipalities, and large corporations that have very deep pockets and for
which the failure of the tower is known to have extremely dire consequences.
Those structures are
designed as major communication trunks which must remain operational following
catastrophic natural disasters such as earthquakes and extreme wind storms (so
extreme that they are quite unimaginable given the site at which they are
constructed). My expectation is that
those towers will survive until their usefulness has expired and they are
Many private broadcast tower
owners have also taken the potential failure of their towers very
seriously. Extreme design criteria was
used that by far exceeds the minimum requirements to obtain a
building permit. Several examples come
1)KSL's tower near Salt Lake City,
2) a 180-foot self-support
tower at Shasta Bally, CA (designed for 3 inches of radial ice concurrent with
12 inches of rime ice at full design wind),
3) an AM multi-tower array
at Vashon Island in Puget Sound (150 MPH EIA C winds),
4)a self-supporting tower in Slide Mountain
near Lake Tahoe. Those towers should last indefinitely with
Probably the most famous
example of a tower that has a very long life expectancy is the Eiffel Tower. It was designed using the math-graphical
method in which the shape of the tower was determined
by the geometry required to keep its composite legs in compression (no tension
allowed).It was also designed for a
wind force shape factor of 2 at a time
when most structures utilized a force factor of 1.5.Bear in mind that the Eiffel
Tower was only supposed to remain for 20 years after which time the tower was
to be demolished. There was great
opposition to its original construction. Today, it is recognized
worldwide as a tremendous leap forward in man's engineering capabilities and is
considered a great thing of beauty.
By the way, the Shasta Bally
tower was subjected to an ice and wind condition that by far exceeded its extreme
design criteria.I have a couple of
photos showing the tower completely filled
solid with ice and with about 15 feet of rime ice projecting off of one face.That condition alone would be enough to
collapse most towers in existence.Some very high winds came along during that
ice event to really 'test its mettle'.The tower is still standing.
The interesting thing is
that the cost of building some very serious longevity into a tower is not proportional to
its life expectancy. That is to say, a
50 percent increase in structural capacity is
purchased at far less than 50 percent increase in cost. One can generally make
substantial strength and capacity gains with very little additional capital investment. Moreover, stochastic probabilities of
extreme wind and ice events are non-linear. For wind, it only takes a 7-percent increase
in basic wind speed to move from a 50-year to a 100-year
mean recurrence interval.That is
primarily why our building codes and standards are becoming more and more
demanding in terms of design criteria. There is minimal cost
associated with providing an ever-wider margin of safety. If that cost was substantial, then
we would not tolerate it and we would "throw the bums out" (meaning those individuals
responsible for making construction economically infeasible).
One of my clients coined the
phrase: "Where there's a will,
there's a Wayne." I like to think that we humans can do
almost anything -if we put our minds
and enough resources to it.We managed to land several
men on the moon, and miraculously brought them home safely. Eventually, my guess is that building codes
and standards will become sufficiently demanding that tower
failures will become an extremely rare occurrence. We are almost at that point now.
Wayne Davidson,PE CE SE
seemed like a couple of days…everything changed completely and we had a dose of
summer. On March 11th we
were all basking in the 70’s (with so rapidly melting snow sitting in large
parking lots).By Tuesday
the 12th we’d broken another record with a 79. Records were set
again – the warmest winter day and the earliest day to
hit 74 – ever! The 79 was the hottest
November to March day since they’ve been keeping records in 1894. The previous record was a 63 from 1951. Those few days of summer were soon replaced
with normals in the 50’s and rain drops. Likely summer will return, right after the thunderstorm on the 4th
As we moved
later into March, warmer weather in other parts of the country has been
melting all their snow, creating massive flooding. Here in our area, we can, and have had,
flooding from rapid warming and snow melt too, thankfully, not yet. What we have been having, of late, is
wildfires here in Western Washington. This due to our abnormally cold and dry
weather. Fingers are crossed as our
fire season approaches.
We get a lot of
razzing about our weather in these parts. The following story is one that got
my attention. Carefully note that this
one comes from a Washington DC TV Station! Feel free to use this one on your friends. (Fact is, there are a lot of places in the
U.S. that get more rain than we do, proving that ‘urban legends’ don’t have to
be based on fact.)
It's a contest we don't want to win, but
Washington, D.C. is actually wetter than Seattle, Wash!
Of course, Seattle is
the city many think of when it rains - locals consider it a badge of honor to
not carry an umbrella, for example - but when it comes to actual inches of rain falling, DC has
On average, Seattle measures 37.49 inches of
rainfall a year, while D.C. measures 39.74.
We had a record setting 66.28 inches of rain
in 2018, while Seattle had 35.73. In 2018, Seattle saw 157 days with
measurable precipitation (0.01 inches or more), while D.C. saw only 131.
The real difference here was the
number of days with at least 1 inch of rain.
Seattle only did that five days in 2018, while
D.C. managed that feat on 24 days...almost five times what Seattle saw.
The colder Pacific
Ocean and associated atmosphere in the Pacific Northwest just doesn't hold as
much moisture as the warmer, sometimes tropical atmosphere that D.C. sees
helped by The Gulf Of Mexico and Atlantic Ocean.
weather…on to other stuff –
There was a
recent story aired by a Russian broadcaster where a number of locations were
spelled out for attack should our two countries get into a nuclear war. To the
surprise of many, one of them named was the Jim Creek radio transmitter near
Arlington. Reportedly that facility is
used to communicate with US Naval Submarines. This news caught a number off-guard.
I recall, many
years ago, getting a tour of Jim Creek. It was part of the old ‘Skagit’ Hamfest (now I am dating myself). The site is impressive, covering almost 5000
acres. Towers holding
two ridgetops…and a big transmitter. The place has been in
operation since the 1950’s. If you go looking for it on a map, it’s a
few miles south of Oso, location of the huge land-slide of a few years ago.
calling it foolish, unneeded, wasteful, etc., HD Radio continues to grow with now
some 2600 radio stations operating the mode all over North America. Mexico, is apparently, rapidly embracing
By now you are
likely used to PDT (Pacific DAYLIGHT Time). Once again there are calls for
stopping the twice a year clock shifting. A UW professor has come up with a number of reasons why we should switch
to Daylight Time year around. In fact the State legislature is considering
Once again, the
Radio Numbers are out for Seattle-Tacoma market #12. Here are the highlights
from my perspective:
KUOW again has proved that a
non-commercial station that does not play music can be a huge factor. This time around they did it with an 8.0
besting the #2 rated station KQMV, who had a 6.8 (they do play music).
Right behind, in #3 is KIRO-FM
(Hard to believe that I worked there when it was in Tacoma and the call letters
In #4 is KSWD (The Sound)
which, not long ago was long running country station KMPS. Appears that Entercom figured they already
had a country property (The Wolf). They looked at the long running success of
‘Warm 106.9’ programming AC and decided that’s where they wanted to be. With
their 5.1 and KRWM at a 4.0, they should be happy.
In the battle for the country
music listener, Hubbard jumped into the fray with their 98.9, now re-branded
as ‘The Bull’.Appears that here too
that KKWF is winning this one with a 5th place finish 4.5 compared
to KNUC’s 2.8.
Sinclair Radio's KOMO is the
clear winner on the AM dial, even if you have to look at 15th place
to find them. Actually their numbers are improving. The same cannot be said for the next ranked
AM, KIRO, whose numbers are descending. Perhaps a factor of the end of football season. Now if the M’s do well this
year. Interesting that KIRO and KTTH are tied.
In the Non-Commercial world,
KNKX and KING are holding steady, however still way behind KUOW.
Appears that streaming is
increasingly catching on with both KISW and KSWD showing some results.
One of my favorite topics to write about in
this column has been HD Radio.This is
perhaps because I was involved with the first on-air test of this mode many years ago
when the NAB Radio Show was in Seattle. After this I was involved with the
installation of this new technology at several stations.The following was recently brought to my
he fails to mention is the fear that many stations have, that by promoting their
own HD Channels it will syphon listeners away from their parent FM, and this
will reduce their ‘numbers’ and from that – income, bonuses etc. There are many broadcasters that feel HD Radio is a total waste of
time and money, for the simple reason that installation of the equipment does
not mean instant return on their investment. Some are even willing to call HD
‘Self-Destruction’. Perhaps this explains why you don’t hear much promotion, or
self-promotion of HD Radio?
recall when we were introducing HD. Managers were salivating over the thought
that they were getting another radio station to add to their stable without
having to go out and buy one. Slowly times are changing. What many don’t
understand is that the progress of HD Radio is often hindered by the very
companies that own them, ie, an ‘internal-problem’.Being an ‘old-guy’ I recall hearing the
same arguments, many years ago. The comments then were being made by owners
and managers of AM stations talking about that mode called FM!Looking back, Radio feared TV, owners of the
livery stable feared the automobile…and so it goes.
With Pirate/unlicensed radio broadcasting continuing to be an issue –
Congress has passed a bill that would increase the fines to $2
mega-bucks. It would raise fines to $10,000 per violation and to
$100,000 per day per violation up to $2,000,000. Adding to this,
the FCC would be required to sweeps in the major cities where this has
been a problem. My thinking is that this is all well and
good. However, it’s been shown that a lot of these guys have very
little assets and manage to get out of paying. Not sure how a huge
fine is going to do the trick. Think of repeat offenders for
speeding. Police can take away their license…but they still
drive. Take away their equipment and they go out and find another
Junker and speed some more. Sure, I’m on the side of curbing the
problem, but remain unconvinced that huge fines are the answer.
Time will tell.
years, readers of this column often read about broadcast operations on
mountain-tops. I related this
information for a couple of reasons. 1) This is primarily what I
do, and 2) It’s an
aspect of Broadcasting that is often never seen or understood. The
fact is, the majority of those who work in Radio or TV have never been
to the stations transmitter location!
the work of a Broadcast Engineer at these sites, contrary to popular opinion,
does not involve climbing towers, but rather the maintaining of the various
electronic systems that are housed in the building nearby. There can be some aspects of this work that
are dangerous, as you are occasionally, called upon to deal with high voltages,
climb ladders (inside), deal with sharp objects etc. Very seldom do you hear of someone being
killed in this work.
changed on March 1st this year when I received the following email
from Adrienne Abbott who lives and works in the Reno Nevada area:
It is with a great, personal sense of sadness that I report the
deaths of two of Northern Nevada's best broadcast engineers. The Nevada
Broadcasters Association website released their names Friday (3/1/2019)
Broadcasting industry is with heavy heart as we mourn the loss of two
iconic figures, Herb Primosch and John Finkbohner. Our thoughts
and prayers are with their immediate and broadcast families and
friends. May you find strength through this very difficult
time. Herb and John, you will forever be remembered."
These two gentlemen represented the best and highest commitment
of a broadcaster, serving their community. At the time of their deaths, they
were working at a translator/transmitter sitecalled Peavine Mountain, for the Verdi TV
District, attempting to restore over-the-air service to the Verdi, Nevada
community. At this time, it appears that they died sometime Thursday
(2/28/2019). They were discovered by Deputies when they did not return as
expected. The exact cause of their
deaths has not yet been determined.
On March 23rd, while writing portions of this column, I received an email from Steven Allen
informing me that Jim Tharp had passed away. All I know, at this point, is that he was in Vashon Community Care after
a fall a couple of months ago. Obviously the news of the passing of a fellow co-worker hits hard.Just as I have made the original broadcast
site on West Tiger ‘my baby’, Jim was long attached to the (KING-AM)1090
facility on Vashon. It was ‘his baby’ for many years. Jim
and I worked together on many projects during the years that Entercom
owned 710 and 770 AM on Vashon, including the moving of 100.7 to West Tiger and
the construction of the, then Entercom, facility on Cougar. He
lost his wife several years ago, and to the best my knowledge lived alone on
my entire life in a vocation where science was a foundation, I found this
quote from a very famous person to be ‘spot-on’:
"We live in a society
exquisitely dependent on science and technology, in which hardly anyone knows
anything about science and technology."
- Carl Sagan
Another place where I have spent a great
deal of my life in the area of broadcast station participation is Public
Warnings. For the last several years I have been working with
Greg Cooke at the FCC. On Feb. 27 – I received this announcement:
Unrelated to Greg's move, Austin Randazzo who
was formerly in the FCC EAS office, has now also received a promotion.
Austin is Division Chief of Cybersecurity
Although no longer a primary EAS contact, he
will continue to work on databases like DIRS, ETRS, and the forthcoming ARS.
Many of our friends and co-workers will be heading to the Big Show in the
Desert in early April. I gave the matter some serious thought, but concluded
after my recent head-injury, the Oregon Coast was a better choice.
NAB just put out the word that they are going to alter the long standing
Monday through Thursday schedule for the ‘big-show’ starting in 2020. Apparently responding to the fact that the
show floor is pretty quiet on Thursday. The new schedule will be moved up a day to become Sunday through Wednesday,
with exhibits opening at Noon on Sunday. This
should not cause a huge problem for historic Sunday events. The
Board Meeting and the popular Nautel NUG event have been on Sunday
Morning. The Public Radio Conference runs up against the
traditional opening too.
Occasionally people come up with some clever/unique names for their company
that’s licensee of a broadcast station. Case in point, KMEH-LP in Helena, MT
is owned by ‘Montana Ethical Hackers’.
A term that used to be confined to a
‘delivery room’ is now common place, as related to Pay TV subscribers. People today are ‘cutting the cord’ (meaning
the coax cable) in record numbers. Many are doing (horrors) without Pay TV
altogether in favor of services like Hulu, Netflix or services provided by
Amazon. Satellite TV providers Direct
TV and Dish Network suffered the bulk of the losses. Recently I was in a Costco store where they
have someone stationed to promote Satellite TV. I overhead the person they were
pitching try to explain that he has all the free TV he wanted or needed by
using an Antenna. I’m not sure the
person doing the pitching understood.
Every once in a while someone I have worked with over the
years many times, is honored.In this
case, The Association of Public Radio Engineers is honoring Jeff Welton from
Nautel. The ceremony will take place at
the Public Radio Engineering Conference (just prior to NAB) in Las Vegas on
I don’t mind stating that this award is
‘spot-on’. Jeff is exceedingly
knowledgeable and helpful. Way to go Jeff!! For those that have not had the pleasure of working with him, here is
Jeff Welton has been with
Nautel for over 28 years, the first 17 of which were spent in field service and
technical support positions, as well as assisting Engineering with design
review of new products and improvement of existing systems. Since moving to
Sales in 2007, Jeff keeps finding ways to get his hands dirty and can
frequently be found assisting in the install of a transmitter he's sold, as
well as performing several site inspections every year, along with the
Recipient of the SBE's James
C. Wulliman Educator of the Year Award for 2018, Jeff writes articles and
performs presentations every year on the topics of lightning protection,
grounding, transmitter site safety and various other subjects of interest in
the broadcast engineering field, as well as being a contributor to the 11th
edition, NAB Engineering Handbook, authoring the chapter on Facility Grounding
Practice and Lightning Protection, among others.
There are certainly job opportunities for Radio Broadcast Engineers from
time to time. Perhaps you don’t have a clear picture of what’s involved. The
following will give you a good idea of what’s expected to work in this field:
Alpha Media - Alaska is seeking an experienced
Staff Engineer for our radio facilities in Anchorage and Wasilla. Reporting to
the Market Manager will be responsible for the maintenance of equipment,
maintaining broadcast systems and technologies, build out projects, and ensure
FCC compliance. The successful candidate will be familiar with radio related
technologies including, but not limited to, networking and IT, PC/software
maintenance and repair, AM and FM transmitter repair and installation, VHF and
UHF radio technology, digital and analog audio, EAS equipment and studio
Headquartered in Portland, Oregon, Alpha Media
operates 207 radio stations within 45 markets across the United States covering
Responsibilities for this position may
· Maintain and repair
all technical and electronic equipment at the studios and transmitter sites
with a proactive approach to problem solving. · Install, monitor and
perform maintenance on control consoles, audio routers, recording equipment,
microphones, digital audio systems, transmitters, antenna systems, meters,
control systems, and remote equipment, including accurate record keeping. · Maintain,
troubleshoot, and repair local computer infrastructure to include local area
network, on-air automation system, and office workstations. · Assist with, as
necessary, the technical needs at remote broadcasts and live performances. · Interact with
management and staff at all levels in a personable, professional manner. · Other duties as
assigned by the Market Manager.
Requirements of this
position include the following: · Knowledge of all
applicable FCC rules and regulations. · Experience in
computer based broadcast automation. · Experience with
cluster-wide studio equipment and operations, audio routing and distribution of
analog, digital and audio-over-IP protocols, EAS, satellite receivers, studio
telephones and broadcast IT systems. · Proficiency in basic
electronics theory and principles including Ohms law and the ability to read
schematics. · Ability to use test
equipment, i.e. Multi-meters, Oscilloscopes, Spectrum Analyzers, and field
strength meters in troubleshooting. · Ability to work
independently to troubleshoot and repair high-power AM and FM transmitting
facilities including troubleshooting down to the component level when
· Knowledge of telephone
systems and protocols including POTS, ISDN, T1, DSL, VoIP and PRI circuits. · Knowledge of
building systems, HVAC, electrical, UPS, and standby generators. · Possess IT skills
including PC/server troubleshooting and repair as well as knowledge of TCP/IP,
UDP and local area networking. · Proven ability to
communicate technical information and interact easily with all levels of staff. · Current SBE
membership. · Able to be on-call
after hours for emergencies or routine maintenance as needed. · Must possess a valid
driver’s license and current vehicle insurance. · Must be 21 years of
age or older.
Preference may be
given to candidates who have the above experience plus the following:
· Experience with
NexGen Automation for Radio. · Experience with
Directional AM Systems. · Knowledge of telephone
systems and cellular. · SBE, Microsoft, and
CompTIA Certifications. · Associates or
Technical Degree in Broadcast Engineering Technology or related field or an
equivalent combination of education and work experience.
· Ability to lift
and/or move loads up to 50 lbs. · Ability to climb
ladders and work on elevated surfaces.
If you feel you are a
qualified candidate and want to join a fast moving, growing entity submit your
cover letter and resume ASAP by clicking the Apply button at
recently overheard a person use the term, "Pick up the phone".Got to thinking how many are among us that,
upon hearing that, would have a different response than older generations would
expect. Here are some other
‘telephone terms’ from the past that today find little, if any, use:
Hang up the phone. Hang up your smart phone
might be understood to put the phone in something in your car so you can use it
Off Hook – What in the world is a ‘Hook’ for a
Dial Tone – Huh?
Extension – Of what?
Princess Phone – I an only imagine
Wall Phone – More confusion
Phone Booth – Are there any these days?
Pay Phone – Something you do with a credit card
Dial a number – As in Rotary Dial?
Operator – As I asking a real/live person for
Reverse the Charges or Calling Collect
Phones available only in Black
Flashing the Switch Hook
of getting old is being able to look back at all the things that ‘newbies’
never heard of and can’t understand. Yes, there are advantages of getting older!
another example of something old becoming new again…Podcasts. It’s presently the rage in Radio. iHeartMedia has just debuted the ‘iHeart
Podcast Channel’, an AM Radio Station that will be running hour long shows
(oops, Podcasts). I have to wonder if
one of the AM’s in the Seattle area that are presently in the cellar in terms
of ratings will jump on this bandwagon? Imagine listening to a radio PROGRAM on the radio? For those of us that grew up listening to
radio programs, yes, before TV. This
is wonderful. Wonder what Jim French
designed for kids are hitting the Podcast Market. I can just hear the Cisco
Kid, Lone Ranger, Sky King, The Shadow, etc. reaching the ears of kids, enabling
them to enjoy creating their own pictures as I did when I was young.
The FCC has issued their budget request for
2020…and its 1% less than 2019. The
President is sure to frustrate Broadcasters and Wireless Carriers as he is
asking for Spectrum Feeson top of the
regulatory fees they already collect. This will be interesting.
ago, readers of my Column may recall that I mentioned how hard it would be for a
person to learn our language, because certain words have so many meanings and
uses. In that case, I used an example of
the word ‘UP’. I’ll admit I had great
fun in doing so and received a number of comments.
another word has crept into my head. This time the word "LINE". Here are some examples that come to mind
where we use this word:
LINES of Credit
Red LINES (Used by political
LINES in Music (ala Bass Lines)
code (as in computers)
in falsehood – (Don’t feed me that Line)
– (as in not being on the Internet or in proximity to a computer)
– (As in being on the Internet)
LINES – (Use in Power and Radio Frequencies)
LINES (as in trees)
drive (as in Baseball)
LINE (as in Hockey)
LINES (as in football)
LINES (as in many sports)
(as in compliance or conformance)
LINE (as in non-compliance or non-conformance)
LINES (as in Television)
LINES (as in warfare)
LINES (as in lineage)
a drug (a method of consumption)
latitude or longitude
LINES (used in topographic maps)
LINES (as opposed to those that curve or arc)
(as in a class of merchandise or services
ones pocket (as in money)
Wonder how many you can think of that I did not mention?
Any wonder why English is so confusing
was sent to me by an old friend. Nothing like some good, old fashioned,
MAKE SURE YOUR FENCES ARE KEPT HORSE-HIGH, PIG-TIGHT, AND
KEEP SKUNKS, BANKERS, LAWYERS, AND CAR SALESMEN AT A HEALTHY
LIFE IS MUCH SIMPLER WHEN YOU PLOW AROUND THE STUMPS.
BUMBLE BEES, WASPS, AND YELLOW JACKETS ARE MUCH FASTER THAN
YOUR JOHN DEERE TRACTOR.
THE WORDS THAT SOAK INTO YOUR EARS ARE USUALLY WHISPERED, NOT
FORGIVE YOUR ENEMIES; IT REALLY MESSES UP THEIR HEADS.
WHEN YOU WALLOW WITH PIGS, YOU CAN EXPECT TO GET DIRTY.
THE BEST SERMONS ARE LIVED, NOT PREACHED.
MOST OF THE STUFF FOLKS WORRY ABOUT AIN’T EVER GOIN’ TO
IF YOU FIND YOURSELF IN A HOLE, THE FIRST THING TO DO IS STOP
That’s about it for this month, my friends. Thanks for the read.
Lord willing, I will be back to most of the
same locations next month at this time.